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Publication Title : Plagiarism: Its Causes, Consequences and Countermeasures
Author(s) : Aminu Chika
Abstract : Background: Plagiarism is a globally prevalent academic misconduct, especially among individuals writing in foreign languages. It involves idea and word theft and breach of trust, which is harmful not only to the original author but also to the entire system of research by transmitting false information about the origin of the idea. Materials and Methods: This article reviews literature on the problem of plagiarism, focusing on its causes, consequences and potential countermeasures. Results: The major categories of the causes of plagiarism include academic, personal, external, institutional and technological factors. Consequences of plagiarism include damage to reputation, retraction of the published article, publication embargo, withdrawal of an academic degree or loss of employment. Various educational and retributional approaches are needed to reduce the prevalence of the misconduct. Conclusion: Combatting the menace of plagiarism requires effective guardianship as well as effective educational and retributional approaches involving multiple stakeholders. Keywords: Plagiarism, causes, consequences
DOI : 10.51658/ABMS.202122.11
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