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Publication Title : Prevalence of Hospital Associated Infections and Health Care Workers Compliance with Hand Hygiene Practices in a Tertiary Hospital in Sokoto, Nigeria
Author(s) : Aminu U. Kaoje, Yahaya Mohammed, Zainu M. Sabitu, Bilkisu G. Abubakar, Abdulrazaq M. Abduljabbar, Zubaidah B. Al-Hassan, Lawal Surajo, Auwal U. Abubakar, Ismail A. Raji, Abdulmumini Saad
Abstract : Background: Hospital associated infections (HAIs) remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. And despite the simplicity of hand hygiene practice, an important preventive measure that has been proven to reduce the risk of acquiring and transmitting HAIs, Health care workers (HCW) compliance with the recommendations is of serious concern. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hospital associated infections and HCWs compliance with hand hygiene practice in a tertiary hospital. Methods and material: This was a hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study among 110 patients on admission selected using universal sampling, and 377 HCWs selected using a multistage sampling technique. Data collected with self-administered questionnaire for HCWs, interviewer-administered proforma for the patients and data extraction sheet for laboratory analysis. Data analyzed for descriptive statistics using SPSS version 20.0. Results: Patients' mean age was 32.8, IQR: 10.5-37.9 years. Majority, 56(50.9%) were females; Hausa/Fulani, 91(82.7%) and 37(33.6%) had only Qur'anic education while only 20(18.2%) had tertiary education. Health care workers' mean age was 31.8 5.3 years. Majority 227(60.2%) are females, and 267(71.8%) of the participants have received training on hospital infection control. Overall prevalence of HAIs was 42.7%, highest in surgical unit. Commonest HAIs being blood stream infections, and the least, Health Care Associated Pneumonia. Most of the infections were due to Staphylococcus aureus, 22(46.8%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 14(29.8%). Highest hand hygiene practice was reported after contact with body fluid and highest non-compliance reported was before touching patient. Hand hygiene compliance rate was 49.6% and main reasons to non-compliance were high work load, lack of running water and soap, and regular use of hand gloves. Conclusions: Prevalence of HAIs was reportedly high, and low hand hygiene compliance and rate despite majority of the HCWs having received training on Hospital infection control. To reduce the prevalence and the associated burden of HAIs, there is need to put in measures to improve compliance to quality hand hygiene practice by health workers.
DOI : 10.51658/ABMS.202121.6
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