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Publication Title : Formulation and Nutritional Evaluation of a Nutraceutical with Antioxidant Activity Developed for the Management of Metabolic Syndrome
Author(s) : Sumayya Ahmed Ayuba, Farida Bashar, Abdulkarim Yusuf, Andrew Onu, Suleiman Alhaji Muhammad, Yusuf Saidu, Lawal Suleiman Bilbis and Abdullahi Yahya Abbas
Abstract : Background: Antioxidants are critical for maintaining optimum health and wellbeing and they protect the body against the development of diseases caused by oxidative stress. Nutraceuticals are foods or part of food that have medical benefit. The present study formulated and nutritionally evaluated an antioxidant rich nutraceutical. Materials/Methods: Nutritional analysis of proximate composition, amino acids and fatty acids profile, antioxidants vitamins and minerals were determined using standard methods. Tomatoes, ginger, garlic, onion, watermelon seed, lemon juice and palm oil were used to formulate the nutraceutical. Results: Proximate composition analysis revealed that the nutraceutical is rich in ash (3.00±0.001 %), protein (22.09±0.01 %) and Lipid (30.00±0.06 %). The nutraceutical was also found to be low in moisture (4.00±0.02 %) and Carbohydrate (38.78±0.05 %) contents. Vitamins A, C and E concentrations obtained were 12.7±3.7 mg/100g, 8.2±0.04 mg/100g, and 5.5±0.04 mg/100 g respectively. Concentration of the antioxidant minerals were Mn (590.2±4.4 mg/100g), Cr (212.2±16.6 mg/100g), Cu (53.1±7.3 mg/100g) and Zn (5.3±0.2 mg/100g). Both essential and non-essential amino acids were detected in the formulated nutraceutical with arginine and leucine having the highest concentration among the essential amino acids while glutamate and asparagine constitute the highest concentration among the non-essential amino acids. The fatty acids analysis revealed the presence of high amount of oleic and lauric acids. Conclusion: The formulated nutraceutical can serve as a suitable source of amino acids, antioxidant vitamins and minerals hence might have potentials in the management of diseases related to oxidative stress.
DOI : 10.51658/ABMS.202011.4
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